Ohio’s Republican Senate primary is going down to the wire, as voters hit the polls in a high-profile contest that’s also seen as a key test for President Donald Trump’s position in the GOP.
As Buckeye State voters cast their ballots today, the latest RealClearPolitics average of polls shows Trump-backed “Hillbilly Elegy” author J.D. Vance leading Josh Mandel, an ex–state treasurer, by 3.5 points. The winner of the GOP primary is likely to face U.S. Rep. Tim Ryan, a Democrat with a commanding lead in his party’s Senate primary. The victors of each party’s primary will compete for the seat of retiring Sen. Rob Portman, a Republican.
Ohio’s race is one of a handful of closely watched contests in the run-up to November’s midterm elections — as well as one of the first in which Trump’s endorsement powers will be tested.
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The Senate is now split 50-50, with the chamber’s two independents reliably voting with the Democrats, meaning a net gain of just one seat for Republicans would put the chamber back into GOP control. Betting markets see Republicans comfortably winning the House of Representatives in the fall, and give the GOP a solid chance of taking over the Senate.
Ryan appears to have his work cut out for him against his eventual GOP opponent as the race is rated “likely Republican” by University of Virginia analysts and “lean Republican” by the Cook Political Report.
Trump watchers, meanwhile, are looking to Ohio and other contests for clues about the ex-president’s future.
“There is a narrative in D.C. that [Trump’s] success in the midterm elections for his endorsements could be an early indicator of (a.) his continued hold on the Republican Party and (b.) whether or not he makes a decision to run in 2024 or not,” says Ed Mills, Washington policy analyst at Raymond James.
“I don’t think it is unreasonable to have read-throughs between his primary endorsements as well as how those candidates perform in November, and whether or not he makes a decision on the 2024 election tied to that,” Mills told MarketWatch.
Trump has hinted, but not declared, that he will run for president in 2024. He is nevertheless seen as the frontrunner for the GOP nomination by some measures, outstripping potential competitors including Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis.
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On April 15, Trump endorsed Vance — a venture capitalist who was highly critical of Trump before embracing him — saying in a statement that Vance was “strong on the Border, tough on Crime, understands how to use Taxes and Tariffs to hold China accountable, will fight to break up Big Tech, and has been a warrior on the Rigged and Stolen Presidential Election.”
Trump’s reference to the last election is a continuation of his baseless claims about voter fraud costing him that contest, which Joe Biden won by well more than 7 million votes nationally, leading to the Democrat’s 306-232 win in the Electoral College.
Mandel didn’t win the 45th president’s endorsement, but “has campaigned as a strident Trump Republican,” as analysts from the University of Virginia’s Center for Politics have noted.
At a weekend rally in Nebraska, though, Trump appeared to split the difference as he conflated the names of the rival Ohio Republicans, telling the assembled audience that he had endorsed “J.P.” or “J.D. Mandel.”
Losses by Trump-backed candidates could take the sheen off of the former president’s influence and encourage others to run for the White House in 2024, says Ben Koltun, director of research at Beacon Policy Advisors.
“If Trump’s endorsement power is perceived as not having that Midas touch anymore — even if the direction of the party remains pro-Trump — does that empower someone who is even Trumpier than Trump, like DeSantis, to not shy away from running for president in 2024?” he asked.
“And I think that’s the risk that maybe Trump has in some of his endorsements falling flat in this election cycle,” Koltun said in an interview.
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After Ohio, the next test of Trump’s endorsement power will be Pennsylvania’s GOP primary on May 17, in which he is backing physician and “The Dr. Oz Show” star Mehmet Oz over ex–Bridgewater Associates CEO David McCormick. McCormick, who served in the George W. Bush–era Treasury Department, holds a narrow lead in polls.
North Carolina Republicans will also hold their Senate primary on May 17. Trump is backing Rep. Ted Budd in the Tar Heel State’s primary. Budd is leading his nearest opponent, former North Carolina Gov. Pat McCrory, by more than 12 points in RealClearPolitics’ average of polls.
Republican Richard Burr, who has held the Senate seat since 2005, is retiring.
Today’s primaries in Ohio, as well as separate contests in Indiana, come as the political world is reeling from a leaked draft decision showing the Supreme Court is poised to overturn Roe v. Wade. Some analysts now expect Democrats to fare better in the midterms than originally expected, as their base appears likely to be energized if the high court in fact overrules the landmark 1973 decision that legalized abortion nationwide.
MarketWatch’s Victor Reklaitis contributed to this article.